About history of Mallorca

28. června 2010 v 14:40 | pocasie
The remains found in Mallorca earliest date from the 3500 a. C. at the time of the Neolithic transition period between the Bronze Age, where the first copper objects make an appearance. The earliest known inhabitants of the islands, (though of dubious origin) were the Balearic slingers. In the municipality of Calvia, in the resort of Santa Ponsa, is a hilly mountain called Puig de sa Morisca which has an archaeological park with the remains of burial caves navetas and covering an area of 35 hectares. By 1300 BC C. lived crucial changes that resulted in the emergence of culture talayótica. This culture war that lasted after Quintus Caecilius Metellus (which later receive Balearicus nickname), conquer the island to the Roman Republic in 123 a. C. Due to frequent pirate attacks based on the islands, Rome decided to take over the archipelago. Legend has it that the Roman general had to protect their boats from the skins of animals, because their deep slingers firing prevented them from landing. The Roman legions took two years to submit the islands. Following the conquest, the slingers became part of the Roman auxiliary troops fighting prominently with Julius Caesar in the conquest of Gaul (the shells were not very effective defense against missiles of the slingers). In the year 425 Mallorca suffered invasion and looting of the Vandals, among which Walka Podgorica, Germanic people who settled on the island until the year 534, when the Byzantine general Belisarius ordered to conquer the Balearic archipelago. In 707 there was the first Muslim landed on record. There followed two centuries of continuous unrest until 903 years from Mallorca was held by the Muslim Umayyad dynasty. Alaro Castle held out for eight years, according to the chronicles, and was the last refuge of the resistance of the rumi (Christians) during the Muslim conquest. The Mallorcan Proto is then replaced by Arabic. Then came a flowering stage, during which Mayurqa Madina, Palm today was a great cultural center. In 1115 a Pisan fleet Mallorca-attacked in a punitive expedition in retaliation for pirate activities that were carried from the island. Looted and destroyed first Mayurqa Medina, in the absence of Ramon Berenguer III, the Pisan navy squadron fled when he spotted the Almoravids sent from Africa. The island remained in family hands Almoravid Ganiya Banu, who encouraged piracy against Christian ships. Later, in 1203, the Almoravids took over Mallorca. In 1208, the Almohad governor appointed Abu Yahya, who formed a semi-independent principality, with just a formal submission to the Almohad emir. Aragonese troops of Jaime I the Conqueror, who came to the island in 1229, finally conquered the island for Christians. After defeating Abu Yahya definitely in the battle of Portopí (1229) and take and pass a knife Mayurka Medina (1230), the resistance ceased 1231. James I established in his will the kingdom of Mallorca Mallorca not only understanding, but the rest of the Balearic Islands-Menorca (still under the power of a sovereign Muslim, although tax since 1231), Ibiza and Formentera, "the counties of Roussillon and Cerdaña; and territories that Jaime I kept in Occitan (the lordship of Montpellier, Viscount Carladès and barony of OMEL). At his death (1276), his son Jaime II de Mallorca assumed the throne after the swearing in of the so-called Charter of the Franchises. The independence of the kingdom was short. In 1349 he was reinstated to the Crown of Aragon. The death of King James III of Mallorca in the Battle of Llucmajor was the end of the Kingdom of Mallorca. Even until his death in 1404 his daughter Elizabeth, established in Gallargues Castle near Montpellier, which was granted by King Charles VI of France, was proclaimed Queen of Mallorca. At the time of Charles I, in 1521, his was an uprising similar to that of germanium kingdom of Valencia (insurrection of the forans) reaching the insurgents to encircle the town of Alcudia, where the nobility had taken refuge on the island. Throughout the sixteenth century, the island, like the rest of the Balearics and the Spanish Levant, suffered attacks and looting of Turkish and Berber pirates. During the War of Spanish Succession, the island opted for the Archduke Charles of Austria, against Philip of Anjou.
Prevision meteorologica, Barcelona, Long term weather, Übersetzung Englisch,

Buď první, kdo ohodnotí tento článek.

Nový komentář

Přihlásit se
  Ještě nemáte vlastní web? Můžete si jej zdarma založit na Blog.cz.

Aktuální články